Diets that are very high in protein are linked to an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, and high protein levels have been correlated to poor insulin regulation. However, few studies have investigated whether decreasing protein intake could be an effective strategy for lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes and other obesity-related metabolic disorders. In this issue of the JCI, research led by Adam Rose at the German Cancer Research Center demonstrated that very low protein diets can improve glucose homeostasis in mice and humans. In obese mice, low protein diets prevented dysregulation of glucose levels by inducing liver stress signaling pathways. Low protein diets also improved blood glucose homeostasis and other metabolic markers in a small group of healthy young men. These data indicate that low protein diets activate stress response pathways in the liver that may reduce the risk of developing obesity-related metabolic disorders.
Sports nutrition recommendations may undergo a significant shift after research from the University of Stirling has found individuals with more muscle mass do not need more protein after resistance exercise.
The millions of people who consume green tea all over the world benefit from the catechins it contains. Catechins are a class of chemical compounds with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, among other healthy ingredients. Researchers at the University of São Paulo’s Public Health School (FSP-USP) have discovered that guarana (Paullinia cupana) is a worthy competitor, at least as far as catechins are concerned: the seeds of the tropical shrub, used in fizzy drinks that are among the most popular in Brazil, as well as in over-the-counter supplements, contain more than ten times the amount of catechins found in green tea.
Added sugars are sugars and syrups – including fructose, glucose, and high-fructose corn syrup – that are added to foods and drinks during processing or preparation, mainly for taste and preservation.
Citrus fruits contain several antioxidants that may prevent a range of health concerns. According to a recent article exploring the health benefits of popular foods, citrus fruits may lower ischemic stroke risk, maintain blood pressure, and support heart health.
Greater intake of dietary omega-3 fatty acids associated with lower risk of diabetic retinopathy among individuals with type 2 diabetes
In middle-aged and older individuals with type 2 diabetes, intake of at least 500 mg/d of dietary long-chain ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, easily achievable with 2 weekly servings of oily fish, was associated with a decreased risk of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers a group of disorders in which the intestines become inflamed. The cause of IBD is unknown, but scientists believe it could be an autoimmune condition, in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks itself. The two main forms of IBD are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
As treatments for cancer improve, survival rates increase, as do the number of cancer survivors.
This growing population of people who have come through cancer and lived to tell the tale often report cognitive deficits.
A training program for the reactivation of older and frail people established by MedUni Vienna has achieved remarkable success. It was revealed that physical training and addressing nutrition-relevant aspects with the aid of non-professional volunteers at home has had positive effects on the physical condition. Particularly the “social aspect” is of great significance.
Cerebrovascular diseases are conditions caused by problems that affect the blood supply to the brain. The four most common types of cerebrovascular disease are stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), subarachnoid hemorrhage, and vascular dementia.